Ore Deposits

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Typical example of ore distribution.

Finding ore can be quite challenging. A picture of a typical ore distribution is shown (right). The main point to notice is that the ores are distributed at random heights in disks at various angles. Some ores have wider disks than others. Quartz has the widest disk by far, but most disks average 5.5 blocks wide. The overall shape of the ore disk will typically be shaped to reflect the surface above and will always cover the same horizontal area. This means that regions with flat ground will also have flat ore disks, and where the surface is jagged, the disks will be tilted and distorted. Thus, in flat areas mining horizontally reduces the chances of finding an ore disk. This continues to be true until the surface is jagged enough that its slope is greater than the width of the ore disk.

For more information on the prospecting pick and how to prospect to detect ores, see the mining page.

Ore generation

As of version 1.9, ores only appear in certain rock types. Many ores are only found in some host rocks, and different rocks can have different ore qualities. Ores are distributed evenly throughout their range given by Y min and Y max, it is important to note that these values are given as portions of the total world height, i.e. .5 is half the world's height. They also have an average radius which is the average width, a generator that specifies the way the deposit is formed, average thickness, and tries per chunk which is is how many times the game tries to generate a deposit in each chunk.

Shallow ores

Some ores are found in shallow deposits and deep deposits. Shallow deposits are often indicated by the presence of loose stones containing ore on the surface of the world, and are a good source of metals in early game stages.

Ore Y min Y max Average radius Thickness Generator Tries per chunk
Lignite 0.48 0.92 10 2 disc follow surface 8
Bituminous coal 0.1 0.9 10 2 disc follow sea level 7
Anthracite 0.0 0.8 8 1.5 disc follow sea level 6
Copper 0.962 0.968 4.25 1 disc follow surface 0.2
Cassiterite 0.92 0.98 3 1 disc follow surface 0.007
Galena 0.0 1.0 4 1 disc follow surface 40

Deep ores

Deep ores exist from the mantle to a Y max.

Ore Y max Avg radius Follows Rarity
Bituminous Coal 8 sea level 20
Saltpeter 10 sea level 299
Gold 2 straight 6
Silver 2 straight 20
Deep Copper 6 surface 54
Sphalerite (Zinc) 4 surface 53
Cassiterite (Tin) 4 surface 24
Bismuthinite 4 surface 27
Limonite (Iron) 3 sea level 14
Lapis 2 surface 2
Diamond 2 sea level 24
Emerald 1 sea level 42
Galena (Lead) 4 surface 39
Sulfur 8 sea level 54

Ore Specifics

Gold and Silver

Gold and silver only spawn in layers of quartz. Following a quartz layer is a good way to find them. Ore blasting bombs can be utilized to great effect to clear out quartz.


There's a 0.003% chance to come across a massive cassiterite deposit in a chunk. Players who find locate these are extremely lucky, since the smallest of these deposits are larger than the largest of the normal sized deposits.


Lapis only spawns in claystone.

Vintage Story: Vanilla Game Content
Terrain blocks Grid Barren low fertility soil.pngSoil Grid Blue clay.pngClay Grid Peat Brick.pngPeat Grid Rock granite.pngRock Grid Gravel Granite.pngGravel Grid Granite sand.pngSand
Construction Blocks Grid Cob.pngSoil Blocks Grid Blue clay bricks.pngCeramic Blocks Grid Oak plank.pngPlanks Grid Polished Granite.pngStone Blocks Grid Diagonal logs plaster.pngPlaster Grid Glass.pngGlass
Functional Blocks Firepit lit.pngFirepit Grid Loot Vessel.pngLoot Vessels Grid Chest.pngContainers Grid Wooden bed.pngBed Grid Barrel.pngBarrel Grid Quern granite.pngQuern Forge.pngForge Grid Ore blasting bomb.pngOre blasting bomb
Decorative Blocks Grid Painting.pngPaintings
Metal Working Blocks and Items Grid Copper anvil.pngAnvil Bloomery.pngBloomery Grid Crucible burned.pngCrucible Ingot Mold Burned.pngMolds Forge.pngForge Grid Copper Ingot.pngMetal
Tools & Weapons Grid Copper axe.pngAxe Grid Bow.pngBow Grid Copper Chisel.pngChisel Grid Wooden club.pngClub Grid Copper hammer.pngHammer Grid Copper hoe.pngHoe Grid Copper knife.pngKnife Grid Copper pickaxe.pngPickaxe Grid Copper prospecting pick.pngProspecting Pick Grid Copper saw.pngSaw Grid Copper scythe.pngScythe Grid Copper shears.pngShears Grid Copper shovel.pngShovel Grid Copper spear.pngSpear Grid Copper sword.pngSword
Craftable Resources Grid Oak board.pngBoards Grid Firewood.pngFirewood Grid Charcoal.pngCharcoal Grid Copper Ingot.pngIngots Grid Raw hide.pngLeather Grid Flax twine.pngLinen
Plants Grid Oak sapling.pngTrees Berrybush red currant ripe.pngBerry Bushes link=Cooper%27s_Reed_(Cattail)Cooper's Reed (Cattail) Flower-californiapoppy.pngFlowers Flax.pngWild Foods Tallgrass-tall.pngGrass Tallfern.pngOther Plants
Mobs BeeMob.pngBees Bighorn.pngBighorn sheep Rooster.pngChicken Pig.pngWild Pig Fox(Male).pngFox Hare.pngHare Hyena.pngHyena Wolf.pngWolf Normal Drifter.pngDrifter Locust.pngLocust
Grid Lore Scroll.pngStarter Guide Grid Lore Book.png Crafting Recipes Grid Ruins.pngRuins Grid Copper sword.pngCombat Heat Torch.pngLight sources Grid Charcoal.pngFuel Grid Copper hoe.pngFarming Grid Spelt bread.pngCooking Grid Empty skep.pngBeekeepingPig.pngAnimal Husbandry Grid Flint arrow head.pngKnapping Grid Blue clay.pngClay Forming Grid Raw hide.pngLeather Working Grid Copper Chunk.pngOre Deposits Grid Copper pickaxe.pngMining Grid Crucible burned.pngCasting Grid Copper anvil.pngSmithing