Ore Deposits

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Typical example of ore distribution in Vintage Story

Finding ore in Vintage Story can be challenging, so to help you out here is how the game spawns ore. To the right, there is a picture of a typical ore distribution in Vintage Story. The main thing to notice is the ores are distributed at random heights in disks at various angles. Some ores have wider disks than others. Quartz has the widest disk by far, but most disks are around an average of 5.5 blocks wide. The overall shape of the ore disk will typically be shaped similarly to the surface above and will always cover the same horizontal area. This means that regions with flat ground will also have "flat" ore disks, and where the surface is jagged, the disks will be tilted and distorted. Thus, in flat areas mining horizontally reduces your chances of finding an ore disk. In flatter areas, creating vertical mine shafts can increase your chances of locating an ore vein. This continues to be true until the surface is jagged enough that its slope is greater than the width of the ore disk.

In general: For vertical shafts, the chance of finding an ore disk is always the same, but for horizontal mining shafts the chance of finding an ore depends on the general shape of the surface.

Here is the page for more information on the prospecting pick and how to use it.

Ore stats

All ores are uniformly distributed through the ground. Rarity is the average amount of ores per chunk.

Shallow ores

Shallow ores stop at a certain depth.

Ore Y min Y max Avg radius Follows Rarity
Lignite (Brown coal) 5 surface 23
Surface Copper 4.5 surface 3

Deep ores

Deep ores go from the mantle up to a Y max.

Ore Y max Avg radius Follows Rarity
Bituminous Coal 8 sea level 20
Saltpeter 10 sea level 299
Gold 2 straight 6
Silver 2 straight 20
Deep Copper 6 surface 54
Sphalerite (Zinc) 4 surface 53
Cassiterite (Tin) 4 surface 24
Bismuthinite 4 surface 27
Limonite (Iron) 3 sea level 14
Lapis 2 surface 2
Diamond 2 sea level 24
Emerald 1 sea level 42
Galena (Lead) 4 surface 39
Sulfur 8 sea level 54

Ore Specifics

Gold and Silver

Gold and silver only spawn in layers of quartz. Following a quartz layer is a good way to find them. Ore blasting bombs can be utilized to great effect to clear out quartz.


There's a .003% chance to come across a massive cassiterite deposit in a chunk. If you do consider yourself extremely lucky, since the smallest of these deposits are larger than the largest of the normal sized deposits.


Lapis only spawns in claystone.

Vintage Story: Vanilla Game Content
Terrain blocks Grid Gravel Granite.pngGravel Grid Granite sand.pngSand Grid Barren low fertility soil.pngSoil Grid Granite cobblestone.pngRock
Metal Working Copper Anvil.pngAnvil Crucible.pngCrucible Forge.pngForge Ingot Mold Burned.pngIngot Mold
Decorational Grid Painting.pngPaintings Grid Diagonal logs plaster.pngPlaster
Functional Firepit lit.pngFirepit Grid Ore blasting bomb.pngOre blasting bomb Grid Loot Vessel.pngLoot Vessels Grid Chest.pngContainers Grid Quern granite.pngQuern
Tools & Weapons Grid CopperAxe.pngAxe Grid Copper hammer.pngHammer Grid Copper hoe.pngHoe Grid Copper knife.pngKnife Grid Copper pickaxe.pngPickaxe Grid Copper prospecting pick.pngProspecting Pick Grid CopperSaw.pngSaw Grid Copper scythe.pngScythe Grid Copper shears.pngShears Grid Copper shovel.pngShovel Grid Bow.pngBow Grid Copper spear.pngSpear Grid Copper sword.pngSword Grid Wooden club.pngClub
Resources Grid Firewood.pngFirewood Grid Charcoal.pngCharcoal
Plants Grid Cattail tops.pngCattail Flax.pngFlax Onion.pngOnion Parsnip.pngParsnip Rice.pngRice Rye.pngRye Soybean.pngSoybean Spelt.pngSpelt Turnip.pngTurnip Flower-californiapoppy.pngFlowers Grid Sapling (Oak).pngTrees Berrybush red currant ripe.pngBerries
Mobs Bighorn.pngBighorn sheep Rooster.pngChicken Drifter.pngDrifter Locust.pngLocust Pig.pngWild Pig Wolf.pngWolf Hyena.pngHyena
Grid Lore Scroll.pngStarter Guide Grid Lore Book.pngCrafting Recipes Grid Charcoal.pngFuel Grid Copper hoe.pngAgriculture Grid Copper pickaxe.pngMining Grid Copper Ingot.pngMetal Grid Empty skep.pngBeekeeping Grid Ruins.pngRuins Grid Copper sword.pngCombat Grid Anvil copper.pngSmithing Grid Blue clay.pngClay Forming Heat Torch.pngLight sources