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Farming is a game mechanic that allows you to grow your own food. Most of the different crops have many common attributes. It's recommended that you read the starter guide before farming because you will need to make a hoe before you can begin planting crops.

Natural Generation

Crops can be found growing all over the world. They are placed there during world generation. Breaking these crops (left click) is essential for gathering seeds. You need seeds to plant crops on farmland in order for them to grow. Seeds can also be found in loot vessels located in ruins.

Soil, Nutrients, and Farmland

Five different types of soil exist in the world at different fertility rates: barren, low, medium, compost, and high (called "terra preta"). Each has according starting levels of nutrients: 5%, 25%, 50%, 65%, 80%. Soil keeps its fertility levels when dug out and placed elsewhere, but farmland blocks are destroyed if you dig them. You can find flat patches of rich (terra preta) soil in mild and hot areas with enough rain drop, mostly on plains and low hills. Barren soil however can rarely be found in some above ground ruins.


Farmland can be made by using a hoe on soil. This will create dry farmland. Crops will not grow on dry farmland. The dry farmland must be within 3 blocks of a water source block for the farmland to convert to moist farmland. The other solution to creating moist farmland is watering it daily with a watering can.

All soil (dirt, dry or moist farmland) has 3 nutrient levels, N, P, and K. Each crop consumes one of these nutrients. Some crops require higher values of nutrients than others (as shown in the table below). Crop growth rates also differ. Each crop has different total growth speed, which is shown by the number of "growth days".

When crops grow from one stage to the next, they consume nutrients from the farmland on which they are planted. The required nutrient is the nutrient that will be consumed, reducing the concentration of that nutrient in the farmland. The amount of the nutrient required is determined by dividing the Nutrient Consumption by the number of growth stages.

Nutrients in farmland slowly replenish over time and return to the maximum level per soil type. (Ex: Medium fertility will only regain nutrients to original levels) The rate of nutrient replenishment is slower with a crop, faster when empty, and even faster when one of the three different fertilizer types are applied to the soil (saltpeter, potash, and bone meal). Using a fertilizer is the only time you can cause a soil type to go above the maximum nutrient level per soil type.


To harvest, left click on the crop with an empty hand or harvesting tool (knife or scythe). Fully mature crops will return seeds, food, and in the case of flax, fiber. All fully mature crops have about a 5% chance to drop an extra seed when harvested. Some foods can be harvested from plants with right click, without destroying the growing plant. Each crop is characterized by a set of Crop Properties. Crop properties consist of the following individual properties:

Growth Stages - The number of growth stages for a crop.

Total Growth Days - The number of in game days it takes for a crop to be fully grown (harvestable).

Required Nutrient - The type of nutrient (N, P, K) consumed from the farmland when a crop grows to the next stage.

Nutrient Consumption - The total amount of the required nutrient that will be consumed over the lifetime of a crop.

Here are all the available crops. Click on their respective pages to learn more about each one.

Crop Growth Stages Total Growth Days Required Nutrient Nutrient Consumption
Carrot 7 4 K 40
Flax 9 4.2 K 50
Onion 7 3.6 P 35
Spelt 9 4.4 N 40
Turnip 5 3 N 30
Parsnip 8 6 P 20
Rice 10 4.2 K 50
Rye 9 5 N 40
Soybean 11 5.4 K 35
Pumpkin 8 3.5 P 30
Cabbage 12 6.5 N 40



Food Satiation Health Nutrition
Roots (Carrot, Turnip, Onion, Parsnip, Cattail Root) 100 +1.5 Vegetable
Vegetable (Cabbage) 300 +1.5 Vegetable
Vegetable (Pumpkin) 480 0 Vegetable
Berries 80 +0.5 Fruit
Honey 60 +0.5 Fruit
Mushrooms (Bolete, Field) 80 0 Vegetable
Mushrooms (Fly Agaric) 80 -10 Vegetable
Saguaro 60 +4 Fruit
Grain (Flax) 30 0 Grain
Grain (Rice, Rye, Spelt) 60 0 Grain
Bread (Flax) 160 0 Grain
Bread (Rice, Rye, Spelt) 300 0 Grain
Soy Bean 150 0 Protein
Bush Meat 120 0 Protein
Cooked Meat 280 0 Protein

Farming Video Tutorial

The video includes explanations of soil nutrients, converting soil to farmland, and crop growth rates. This video includes a view of all agricultural crops except pumpkins.

Vintage Story: Vanilla Game Content
Terrain blocks Grid Gravel Granite.pngGravel Grid Granite sand.pngSand Grid Barren low fertility soil.pngSoil Grid Granite cobblestone.pngRock
Metal Working Copper Anvil.pngAnvil Crucible.pngCrucible Forge.pngForge Ingot Mold Burned.pngIngot Mold
Decorational Grid Painting.pngPaintings Grid Diagonal logs plaster.pngPlaster
Functional Firepit lit.pngFirepit Grid Ore blasting bomb.pngOre blasting bomb Grid Loot Vessel.pngLoot Vessels Grid Chest.pngContainers Grid Quern granite.pngQuern
Tools & Weapons Grid CopperAxe.pngAxe Grid Copper hammer.pngHammer Grid Copper hoe.pngHoe Grid Copper knife.pngKnife Grid Copper pickaxe.pngPickaxe Grid Copper prospecting pick.pngProspecting Pick Grid CopperSaw.pngSaw Grid Copper scythe.pngScythe Grid Copper shears.pngShears Grid Copper shovel.pngShovel Grid Bow.pngBow Grid Copper spear.pngSpear Grid Copper sword.pngSword Grid Wooden club.pngClub
Resources Grid Firewood.pngFirewood Grid Charcoal.pngCharcoal
Plants Grid Cattail tops.pngCattail Flax.pngFlax Onion.pngOnion Parsnip.pngParsnip Rice.pngRice Rye.pngRye Soybean.pngSoybean Spelt.pngSpelt Turnip.pngTurnip Flower-californiapoppy.pngFlowers Grid Sapling (Oak).pngTrees Berrybush red currant ripe.pngBerries
Mobs Bighorn.pngBighorn sheep Rooster.pngChicken Drifter.pngDrifter Locust.pngLocust Pig.pngWild Pig Wolf.pngWolf Hyena.pngHyena
Grid Lore Scroll.pngStarter Guide Grid Lore Book.pngCrafting Recipes Grid Charcoal.pngFuel Grid Copper hoe.pngAgriculture Grid Copper pickaxe.pngMining Grid Copper Ingot.pngMetal Grid Empty skep.pngBeekeeping Grid Ruins.pngRuins Grid Copper sword.pngCombat Grid Anvil copper.pngSmithing Grid Blue clay.pngClay Forming Heat Torch.pngLight sources