Steel Making

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Revision as of 16:20, 25 November 2020 by Akineko (talk | contribs) (added iron anvil welding & more recipes)
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Steel Making is the process of carbonizing iron under high temperatures, for which a new type of furnace building is required.

Required materials

To produce steel, a player needs an iron anvil, a forge, fuel (coal or charcoal) and blister steel ingots.
To obtain blister steel, the player first needs a pulverizer to build a refractory furnace, and fuel (coke or charcoal).

Creating Blister Steel

Blister steel is the first step of creating steel from iron, and functions the same way an iron bloom does. To heat iron up to the required temperatures to make carbonisation possible, the player first needs to build a special furnace structure out of refractory blocks and other specialist blocks.

Creating Refractory Bricks

Refractory blocks come in three different tiers with different heat resistances. They are important for the steel making process as no other currently available block can withstand the extreme heat. To produce refractory blocks, different stone and ore types need to be crushed in a pulverizer first. The powders can then be used in the crafting grid together with fire clay to make unfired refractory bricks. Different compositions of powders are required for the different tiers.

Material Stone Powder Minimum Pulverizer Cup Tier
Rock Bauxite Crushed Bauxite Bronze
Gemstone Quartz Crushed Quartz Bronze
Rock Peridotite 100px Bronze
Metal Ilmenite Crushed Ilmenite Steel



From tier 1 to tier 3, the recipes for raw refractory bricks are as follows:

Fire Clay

Crushed-quartz

Fire Clay

Crushed-bauxite



Raw Refractorybrick










Raw Refractory bricks need to be baked at 850°C for 27 fuel ticks to turn into Fired Refractory Bricks. Those can then be used to craft their tier specific brick blocks and brick grating blocks. The different tiers of refractory bricks have different heat resistances. Tier 1 has a heat resistance of 90%, Tier 2 has 95%, and Tier 3 reaches 100%. Apart from Tier 3, all other refractory brick blocks will receive damage in each smelting process. Tier 1 will have about 6 damaged blocks per smelting, while Tier 2 breaks about 2-4 blocks. Damaged refractory brick blocks can be broken to return some of their materials back, similar to a broken bloomery. Grate blocks do not get damaged at the moment, which means there is not sense in making them out of higher tier bricks.

Fired Refractorybrick

Fired Refractorybrick

Fired Refractorybrick

Fired Refractorybrick

mortar

Fired Refractorybrick

Fired Refractorybrick

Fired Refractorybrick

Fired Refractorybrick

Refractorybricks







Fired Refractorybrick

Fired Refractorybrick

Fired Refractorybrick

mortar

Fired Refractorybrick

Fired Refractorybrick

Fired Refractorybrick

Refractorybrick Grating








Other Required Blocks

Additionally to the refractory blocks, there are some more specialist blocks necessary to build a functioning steel making furnace, namely an iron door and a stone coffin including a coffin lid.
And iron door can either be found in ruins, or crafted out of 6 iron plates. Stone coffins can be made out of Rock or Rock.

Metalplate iron

Metalplate iron

Metalplate iron

Metalplate iron

Metalplate iron

Metalplate iron


Irondoor







Rock granite

Copper hammer

Copper Chisel

Rock granite

Rock granite

Stonecoffinsection granite








Copper hammer

Copper Chisel

Rock granite


Powderedborax

Stonecoffinlid granite








Building a Refractory Furnace

A building overlay shows where to place the necessary blocks.

To build a functioning refractory furnace, the player needs 1 iron door, 2 stone coffin sections and 2 stone coffin lids, 6 refractory brick gratings, 53 refractory brick blocks and a number of dirt or stone blocks to build the coal burning area beneath the furnace structure itself.
The furnace is a multiblock structure that needs to be build in a specific way to ensure it is functioning as intended. When starting the build of a furnace, the player can Shift click the stone coffin with coal or an empty hand to trigger a building help overlay. Shift clicking will additionally inform the player about the number of still missing or misplaced blocks in the structure.

The player should allocate at least a 5x5 space for the furnace, and additional space to reach the back or side of the furnace to input coal or coke. The furnace structure is 6 blocks high, but an additional layer below the grate blocks is required. The chimney on top of the structure does not have to be open to the sky at the moment, but if it is blocked there will be no smoke indications shown while the furnace is running. Keep in mind that the furnace is, for now, always build with the door side facing in one specific direction, even if the whole structure is already finished and the coffin is added as the last element, the building overlay will still demand to build the structure with a specific orientation, regardless of how the player build it already. The orientation seems to be different from world to world - further testing or code diving needed.

First, place the grate blocks and the coffin. These are the centre blocks of the structure. The coffin half will always be placed with the open side towards the player. As soon as the full coffin is placed - without coffin lid, for now - the player can Shift click for the building help.
Furnace building 1.PNG
The full size of the furnace takes up a 5x5 space as shown below.
Furnace building 2.PNG
Raise the walls up by two blocks, and don't forget to place the iron door at some point in the process.
Furnace building 3.PNG
Build up the roof, covering every open block with one above in a stair pattern. The finished furnace should have a two high chimney as shown below.
Furnace building 4.PNG

The confusing part about building a refractory furnace is the space below the actual brick structure. For the process to work, the player needs to be able to access the two spots below the coffin placed on the grate blocks, as the steel making requires fuel layers to be placed on those two blocks. Due to the fact that coal will behave similar to snow if piled up to high, it is recommended to put stabilizing blocks to the side of the two open spaces for the coal. It is not required that this space can be closed off airtight, the player can choose to leave a permanent hole or put in a coke oven door. Note that none of the refractory brick blocks can be removed to access this space, instead the opening needs to be created one block below the lowest brick layer. A functioning furnace underbelly could look like this:
Furnace underbelly.PNG

If the structure was build correctly, there will be no further indication of missing or misplaced block when Shift clicking the coffin.

Smelting Process

With a finished refractory furnace build, the next step requires the player to fill the coffin.
One stone coffin will hold a total of 16 iron ingots and 40 fuel pieces - either coke or charcoal. Place down one layer of fuel with Shift click first, then one layer of iron ingots. Repeat until the coffin is full and will not accept any more items. The coffin should allow 5 layers of fuel with 8 pieces per layer, and 4 layers of iron ingots with 4 ingots per layer.
Once filled, the coffin tool tip will indicate that a coffin lid needs to be placed on top of the coffin. Note that the coffin needs to be filled completely, otherwise the process will not start even if the lid is placed and coal beneath ignited.

After the coffin is closed, the player should leave the burning chamber and close the door. It is not recommended to enter the chamber again in the middle of the smelting process, as the extreme heat inside will cause 5 HP damage per tick if inside while the bricks are still heated. The coffin tool tip will indicate that the process requires fuel to be placed and ignited below the two grates under the coffin.
Access the underbelly of the furnace as shown above from the side or the back of the furnace. Place fuel in equal amounts on the two spaces directly below the coffin. Each fuel layer on one block takes 2 fuel items, meaning a full layer on both blocks requires 4 fuel items. Charcoal, black coal and coke work as possible fuel items. For instance, one such layer of charcoal will give 12% of progress towards finished steel.
When testing out the process in creative or survival, keep in mind that the coffin tooltip might take a few seconds to update correctly from one state to the next, specifically once the player ignites fuel below. The coffin will show the progress in percentages, but again it might take a tick until that progress info is shown correctly. A working furnace will have fire particles inside the burning chamber - which also indicates the danger of stepping inside at that time - as well as smoke rising from the chimney.

Protip:
The coffin will retain the progressed reached, even if the coal burns out before the process is finished! This allows the player to start the process with a low amount of fuel, and add further fuel as needed, or log of from a server without fear to loose progress and materials.

One firing of 16 iron ingots will reward the player with an equal amount of blister steel ingots.

Making Steel

Blister steel in itself is not yet workable steel, instead it behaves similar to iron blooms, and further refining is necessary. To turn blister steel into steel, it needs to be processed on an iron anvil either by hand or with the help of a helve hammer. Note that the blister steel is less complicated to process by hand then iron blooms, and there is no possibility of pixel loss if processed by hand, making helve hammer processing almost overkill.

A hot glowing anvil base with applied borax waiting for the top part.

Iron Anvil

An iron anvil can not be cast like anvils out of other metals. The player first has to make the upper and lower part of the anvil each, smithing them on a bronze anvil. Then, the two parts need to be welded together.
To make a complete iron anvil, a total of 10 iron ingots are needed, 5 each for the anvil base and anvil top, as well as one powdered borax.
Start the crafting process by placing a heated iron ingot on the anvil - bronze or higher anvil tier is needed. Select the anvil base and start hammering. Note that for the base, a total of 5 ingots need to be added, and there is only a 2 pixel margin for error in total. It is recommended to add one ingot, flatten it out and only then add the next - and so forth.
For the anvil top, follow the same process. However, keep in mind that for the top part, even with careful smithing, not even one pixel will be wasted. This means there is no margin for error, and any wasted pixels will result in a sixth ingot added to finish the item.

After both the base and top are finished, heat both of them up in a forge. Once heated, first place the base part down on the ground. Take one portion of powdered borax and apply with a Shift click on the placed base, then add the top part. Hammer until both parts are welded together, this should take about 12 hits.


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