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Farming is a game mechanic that allows players to grow food crops for use in cooking.

Required Materials

To begin farming, a player needs good soil and seeds to plant crops. A specialized tool, the hoe is required to convert soil into farmland.

Finding Seeds

Wild crops are created during world generation and can be found all over the world in different climatic regions. Breaking these crops (left mouse button) is essential for gathering seeds to plant crops. Wild crops that are not mature do not always drop seeds when broken. Seeds can also be found in seed and farming loot vessels located in ruins.

Soil and Farmland

Naturally Generated Soil

Four types of naturally occurring soil exist in the world at different fertility rates: barren 5%, low 25%, medium 50%, and high called terra preta 80%. Soil retains its fertility levels when blocks are gathered and placed elsewhere, so a good farming strategy is to hunt soil with high nutrient levels and bring it home.

Player Created Soil

Compost is a player generated soil type with nutrient levels of 65%. This dirt is an alternative farming option if terra preta cannot be located. Each block of compost is created by sealing 64 rot in a barrel for 20 days.


Creating Farmland

Using a hoe + right mouse button on a soil block creates dry farmland. The farmland must be within 3 blocks of a water source block to convert from dry to moist farmland. The other solution to create moist farmland is daily watering using a watering can. Farmland blocks cannot be picked up and replaced once converted. Breaking farmland destroys the block.

Soil Nutrients

All soil, dirt, dry or moist farmland, has 3 nutrient levels, N, P, and K. Each crop consumes one of these nutrients. Some crops require higher values of nutrients than others, as shown in the table below. Crop growth rates also differ. Each crop has different total growth speed, which is shown by the number of growth days.

When crops advance from one growth stage to the next, they consume nutrients from the farmland on which they are planted. The required nutrient, K, P, or N, is the nutrient that will be consumed, reducing the concentration of that nutrient in the farmland. The amount of the nutrient required per growth stage is determined by dividing the Nutrient Consumption by the number of growth stages.

Nutrients in farmland slowly replenish over time and return to the maximum level per soil type. (Ex: Medium fertility will only regain nutrients to original levels). The rate of nutrient replenishment is slower with a crop, faster when empty, and even faster when one of the three different fertilizer types are applied to the soil, saltpeter, potash, and bone meal. Using a fertilizer is the only time a soil type can exceed the maximum nutrient level of the soil type.


To harvest, left click on the crop with an empty hand or harvesting tool, knife or scythe. Fully mature crops will return seeds, food, and in the case of flax, fiber. All fully mature crops have about a 5% chance to drop an extra seed when harvested. Each crop is characterized by a set of Crop Properties. Crop properties consist of the following individual properties:

  • Growth Stages - The number of growth stages for a crop.
  • Total Growth Days - The number of in game days it takes for a crop to be fully grown (harvestable).
  • Required Nutrient - The type of nutrient (N, P, K) consumed from the farmland when a crop grows to the next stage.
  • Nutrient Consumption - The total amount of the required nutrient that will be consumed over the lifetime of a crop.

Table of Available Crops

Crop Product Growth Stages Total Growth Days Required Nutrient Nutrient Consumption
Carrot Grid Carrot.png 7 4 K 40
Flax Grid flax.png 9 4.2 K 50
Onion Grid onion.png 7 3.6 P 35
Spelt Grid spelt.png 9 4.4 N 40
Turnip Grid turnip.png 5 3 N 30
Parsnip Grid parsnip.png 8 6 P 20
Rice Grid rice.png 10 4.2 K 50
Rye Grid rye.png 9 5 N 40
Soybean Grid Soybean.png 11 5.4 K 35
Pumpkin Grid pumpkin.png 8 3.5 P 30
Cabbage Grid cabbage.png 12 6.5 N 40

Pumpkins are cultivated differently than all other crops. Please see the pumpkin page for detailed instructions about establishing a pumpkin patch.

Food and Cooking

See cooking for more information on player nutrition and preparing foods to eat.

Farming Video Tutorial

The video includes explanations of soil nutrients, converting soil to farmland, and crop growth rates. This video includes a view of all agricultural crops except pumpkins and does not include use of fertilizers.

Vintage Story: Vanilla Game Content
Terrain Blocks Rawclay blue.pngClay Grid Gravel Granite.pngGravel Peat.pngPeat Grid Rock granite.pngRock Grid Granite sand.pngSand Grid Barren low fertility soil.pngSoil
Construction Blocks Grid Blue clay bricks.pngCeramic Blocks Grid Glass.pngGlass Grid Oak plank.pngPlanks Grid Diagonal logs plaster.pngPlaster Grid Cob.pngSoil Blocks Grid Polished Granite.pngStone Blocks
Functional Blocks Grid Barrel.pngBarrelGrid Woodbucket.pngWooden Bucket Grid Wooden bed.pngBed Grid Chest.pngContainers Firepit lit.pngFirepit Forge.pngForge Grid Loot Vessel.pngLoot Vessels Grid Ore blasting bomb.pngOre blasting bomb Grid Quern granite.pngQuern
Decorative Blocks Grid Painting.pngPaintings Mediumcarpet-turqoise-ns.pngCarpets Bookshelves-ns.pngBookshelves Flowerpot-earthern-empty.pngFlowerpots Agedwallpaperplanks-green-east.pngWallpaper
Metal Working Grid Copper anvil.pngAnvil Bloomery.pngBloomery Grid Crucible burned.pngCrucible Forge.pngForge Grid Tin bronze helve hammer.pngHelvehammer Ingot Mold Burned.pngMolds Grid Copper Ingot.pngMetal
Tools & Weapons Grid Copper axe.pngAxe Grid Bow.pngBow Grid Copper Chisel.pngChisel Grid copper cleaver.pngCleaver Grid Wooden club.pngClub Grid Copper hammer.pngHammer Grid Copper hoe.pngHoe Grid Copper knife.pngKnife Grid Copper pickaxe.pngPickaxe Grid Copper prospecting pick.pngProspecting Pick Grid Copper saw.pngSaw Grid Copper scythe.pngScythe Grid Copper shears.pngShears Grid Copper shovel.pngShovel Grid Copper spear.pngSpear Grid Copper sword.pngSword
Equipment Armor-body-brigandine-iron.pngArmor Clothes-upperbody-lackey-shirt.pngClothes Grid Backpack.pngBags
Craftable Resources Grid Oak board.pngBoards Grid Charcoal.pngCharcoal Grid Firewood.pngFirewood Grid Copper Ingot.pngIngots Grid Raw hide.pngLeather Grid Flax twine.pngLinen
Plants Berrybush red currant ripe.pngBerry Bushes link=Cooper%27s_Reed_(Cattail)Cooper's Reed (Cattail) Flower-californiapoppy.pngFlowers Tallgrass-tall.pngGrass Tallfern.pngOther Plants Grid Oak sapling.pngTrees Flax.pngWild Foods
Mobs BeeMob.pngBees Bighorn.pngBighorn sheep Rooster.pngChicken Normal Drifter.pngDrifter Fox(Male).pngFox Hare.pngHare Hyena.pngHyena Locust.pngLocust Raccoon.pngRaccoon Pig.pngWild Pig Wolf.pngWolf
Pig.pngAnimal Husbandry Grid Empty skep.pngBeekeeping Grid Crucible burned.pngCasting Grid Blue clay.pngClay Forming Grid Copper sword.pngCombat Grid Spelt bread.pngCooking Grid Lore Book.pngCrafting Recipes Grid Copper hoe.pngFarming Grid Charcoal.pngFuel Grid Flint arrow head.pngKnapping Grid Raw hide.pngLeather Working Heat Torch.pngLight sources Grid Angled Gears.pngMechanical Power Grid Copper pickaxe.pngMining Grid Copper Chunk.pngOre Deposits Grid Ruins.pngRuins Grid Copper anvil.pngSmithing Creature-humanoid-trader-treasurehunter.pngTrading Grid Lore Scroll.pngStarter Guide