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Charcoal is a player created fuel resource.

Temperature 1300
Seconds 40


Charcoal is created in charcoal pits, which are chambers or sealed spaces where enclosed stacks of firewood are burned.

Required materials

Construction of a charcoal pit requires: firewood (cut using an axe), Dry grass (harvested with a knife), and solid blocks to create an airtight shell.

Building a Charcoal Pit

  1. Place firewood in stacks. (Players may choose to dig a pit, as shown in the graphic below, or place stacks above ground.)
  2. Create an airtight shell by enclosing the stacks in dirt blocks or any non-combustible block, but leave one block on top of the pit open.
  3. Build a firepit directly on top of the accessible stack of firewood at the top of the pit.
  4. As of 1.12.7, you need to ignite the firepit with a firestarter or a torch.
  5. Quickly seal the pit by placing one block on top of the fire pit. (Players have 30 seconds to seal the shell or the process will not work)
  6. The pile will create smoke particles, indicating that the process is taking place.
  7. When the pile stops smoking (18 game hours), the process is complete.
  8. Remove the shell and collect the charcoal using bare hands or a shovel

Charcoal-step1.png Charcoal-step2.png Charcoal-step3.png Charcoal-step4.png Charcoal-step5.png

Dimensions and Considerations

  • If the charcoal pile is not sealed within 30 seconds of ignition, charcoal will not be produced. If "burning" sounds are coming from the pit, charcoal will not be created! Quickly open the shell and extinguish the flames with buckets of water before the firewood burns to ash. Fill the empty spaces with firewood and rebuild the shell to try again.
  • The maximum size of any charcoal pit is a 13x13x13 cube. Firewood up to 6 blocks away, in any direction, from the firepit will be made into charcoal. This means that the largest volume of firewood that can be processed in one pit is 13³-2 (2,195 blocks), which will have an average yield of 12,072.5 charcoal.
  • The yield for each stack of 32 firewood is between 4 and 7 charcoal, the average yield of each stack is 5.5 charcoal.
  • The firepit built on top of the firewood stacks does not require any additional fuel apart from the 4 pieces of firewood automatically input on creation.



Charcoal is the first type of fuel capable of generating temperatures high enough (1300°C) to smelt metal ores such as Copper (1084°C). Charcoal can be used as fuel for the firepit in casting, in the bloomery, in the cementation furnace when making steel, and in the forge when smithing.

In the bloomery, charcoal can be used to smelt items at a higher temperature. For example, quartz has a required temperature of 1350°C, yet charcoal can still be used as the fuel to smelt it.


Charcoal can be used as the Carbon Black pigment when labeling chests and signs.


Charcoal stacks to 64, may be carried in player inventory, or stored in containers.

Vanilla Game Content
Terrain Blocks

Rawclay blue.pngClay Grid Gravel Granite.pngGravel Peat.pngPeat Grid Rock granite.pngRock Grid Granite sand.pngSand Grid Barren low fertility soil.pngSoil

Construction Blocks

Claybricks-blue.pngCeramic Blocks Glass-plain.pngGlass Planks-oak.pngPlanks Grid Diagonal logs plaster.pngPlaster Grid Cob.pngSoil Blocks Grid Polished Granite.pngStone Blocks Grid Stone path.pngPath

Functional Blocks

Grid Barrel.pngBarrel Grid Woodbucket.pngWooden Bucket Bed-wood-head-north.pngBed Chest-east.pngContainers Firepit lit.pngFirepit Forge.pngForge Grid Loot Vessel.pngCracked Vessels Grid Ore blasting bomb.pngOre blasting bomb Grid Large trough.pngTrough

Decorative Blocks

Grid Painting.pngPainting Mediumcarpet-turqoise-ns.pngCarpets Bookshelves-ns.pngBookshelves Flowerpot-earthern-empty.pngFlowerpots Agedwallpaperplanks-green-east.pngWallpapers Salvation.pngTapestry

Metal Working

Grid Copper anvil.pngAnvil Bloomery.pngBloomery Grid Crucible burned.pngCrucible Forge.pngForge Grid Tin bronze helve hammer.pngHelve_hammer Ingot Mold Burned.pngMolds Grid Copper Ingot.pngMetal Gem-emerald-rough.pngGemstone

Tools & Weapons

Grid Copper axe.pngAxe Bow-simple.pngBow Grid Copper Chisel.pngChisel Grid copper cleaver.pngCleaver Grid Wooden club.pngClub Grid Copper hammer.pngHammer Hoe-copper.pngHoe Knife-copper.pngKnife Pickaxe-copper.pngPickaxe Grid Copper prospecting pick.pngProspecting Pick Grid Copper saw.pngSaw Scythe-copper.pngScythe Grid Copper shears.pngShears Grid Crude Square Shield.pngShield Shovel-copper.pngShovel Grid Copper spear.pngSpear Sword-copper.pngSword


Armor-body-brigandine-iron.pngArmor Clothes-upperbody-lackey-shirt.pngClothes Grid Backpack.pngBags

Craftable Resources

Grid Oak board.pngBoards Charcoal.pngCharcoal Coke.pngCoke Grid Firewood.pngFirewood Grid Copper Ingot.pngIngots Grid Raw hide.pngLeather Flaxtwine.pngFlax


Berrybush red currant ripe.pngBerries Grid mushroom bolete.pngMushrooms Grid Cattail tops.pngCooper's Reed (Cattail) Flower-californiapoppy.pngFlowers Tallgrass-tall.pngGrass Tallfern.pngOther Plants Sapling-oak.pngTrees Sapling-oak.pngFruit Trees Flax.pngWild Foods


Bear-male-polar.pngBear BeeMob.pngBees Creature-bell-normal.pngBell Bighorn.pngBighorn sheep Rooster.pngChicken Normal Drifter.pngDrifter Creature-fox-male.pngFox Hare-male-lightbrown.pngHare Hyena.pngHyena Locust.pngLocust Raccoon.pngRaccoon Pig.pngWild Pig Wolf.pngWolf


Pig.pngAnimal Husbandry Grid Empty skep.pngBeekeeping Grid Crucible burned.pngCasting Grid Blue clay.pngClay Forming Sword-copper.pngCombat Hoe-copper.pngFarming Bread-spelt.pngCooking Bone.pngHealth Flax.pngSatiety Grid Flint arrow head.pngKnapping Grid Angled Gears.pngMechanical Power Pickaxe-copper.pngMining Grid Copper anvil.pngSmithing Creature-humanoid-trader-treasurehunter.pngTrading Gear-temporal.pngTemporal Stability Grid Copper hammer.pngSteel Making


Grid Lore Book.pngCrafting Recipes Charcoal.pngFuel Grid Raw hide.pngLeather Working Torch.pngLight sources Grid Copper Chunk.pngOre Deposits Grid Ruins.pngRuins Grid Lore Scroll.pngStarter Guide Berrybush blueberry ripe.pngWorld Generation